UA-118882058-3 Flowerhorn Fish Diseases and Threatments
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Flowerhorn Fish Diseases and Threatments

Updated: Sep 15, 2019

Basic Remedy Aquarium Salt


Aquarium Salt is pure salt (Sodium Chloride) prepared from evaporated sea water. It doesn’t have any additives like iodine, calcium silicate or anti-caking agents so it’s safe for freshwater aquariums. Aquarium salt is beneficial for your fish and helps improve gill function



Benefits of Aquarium Salt


Adding SALT to your freshwater aquarium provides numerous benefits, according to experts. Read on to learn how changing the salt concentration in your aquarium could possibly benefit fish.



1. Fights Diseases


A major health benefit of aquarium salt is that it is used in the treatment of various diseases such as protozoan infections. Actually, salt is thought to encourage mucus production, which is vital for removing any parasites inside the gills of the fish and other body parts. Low aquarium salt doses also remove additional mucus that accumulates in instances of parasitic illness.



2. Prevents Parasites


Since fish have various organs that allow them to adapt easily to small differences in salt concentrations, they are able to survive. However, pathogens like protozoa and bacteria are simpler forms of life without any internal organs for regulating differences in the concentrations of salt. Most parasites live topically on the surface of the skin and thus they are vulnerable to high salt concentration. The salt concentration can be altered to weaken the present pathogens without putting the fish in danger.



3. Reduces Toxicity


Aquarium salt assists fish remove ammonia and prevents the absorption of nitrite. Salt compound comprises of sodium as well as chloride. The chloride ions lessen nitrite toxicity and therefore provide the fish protection against its hostile effects.



4. Enhances the Aquarium Environment


Most tap water sources contain low amounts of dissolved salts when compared to the natural environment of a fish. Adding aquarium salt simply makes the fish more comfortable. In fact, certain varieties of fish have better rates of survival with fewer cases of diseases when they have some salt added into their tanks.



1. White Spot Disease


You will see many white spots appear all over fish. Fins are clumped together and they act a bit more lethargic than usual. Fish stop eating and stay at corner of the tank.


Cause:


The cause of this condition is Ichthyophithirius multifilis (ICH ), a ciliated protozoan. Bad water quality. Low water temperatures (< 25°C). Feeding with LIVE or FROZEN food which contain parasite.


Treatment:


Water treatment or direct treatment is not work that much as parasite resides under the skin of fish. It is highly contagious disease which require entire aquarium treatment. The best way to stop this is stopping breeding cycle of ICH by cleaning tank thoroughly.


To Cure White Spots:


Place KORDON ICH INHIBITOR in your tank. Add aquarium salt at 3g/ltr of water every 3 days together with the medication (Kordon Ich inhibitor). After 3rd day, tank must be washed thoroughly to eliminate the causative agent. Use KORDON MALACHITE GREEN to clean tank.


Preventive Measures:


Using the KORDON PREVENT ICH FISH DISEASE INHIBITOR and PREVENTATIVE to your tank. Quarantine new fish for three to four weeks.Avoid cross-tank contamination.


2. Hole-In-The-Head Disease


Hole in the head cause the death of fish. It is also called HITH or HEXAMITA. It is curable if treated in early stage.


Cause :


It is highly contagious disease and the cause of this condition is Hexamita Protozoa. Poor water quality.


Symptoms:


Small pits and pimples grows on the fish’s head. As time pass it grow and form bigger pits.It is white in color, and sometimes mucous are visible around them.In addition to losing weight, becoming lethargic, and losing their appetites, the fish will produce white, stringy feces.


Treatment:


Add DIMETRYDAZOLE (5mg/ltr) or METRONIDAZOLE (7mg/ltr).Repeat treatment once every 3 days.Do a 20%-30% water change. It is sometimes necessary to inject METRONIDAZOLE, but do it with guidance of qualified personnel.


 Preventive Measures:


Change your water regularly. Quarantine new fish for three to four weeks. Avoid cross-tank contamination.


3. Mouth, Body And Tail Fungus


Small white fungus start growing on mouth and body of fish. This is curable disease but need to be keep watch on it.


Causes:


It is caused by Saproglenia and other related bacteria.Bad water quality only causes these kinds of bacteria to thrive.Sudden changes in the water condition.


Symptoms:


Small Cotton like tufts at the mouth, body, fin and tail.Fish start losing weight.

 

Treatment:


Put some Aquarium Pharmaceuticals Aquarium Salt to tank.Use JUNGLE LABS FUNGUS ELIMINATOR to treat this.Clean whole whole tank, but quarantine the most seriously ill fish.


Preventive Measures:


Changing the water regularly.Quarantine new fish for three to four weeks.Avoid cross-tank contamination.


4. Dropsy


Dropsy is mainly affect the digestion system of fish. This need to attain quickly to avoid the serious other problem.


Causes:


Bacterial infection is reason for this.Poor water quality. Overcrowding of Fish or Tank Decorative articlesStress cause for this condition.


Symptoms:


Fish appears to bloated. Not eating.Looking Stressed. Not moving or hiding.


Treatment:


Don’t use aquarium salt to your tank.This is very critical condition so, better use commercially prepared treatment available at your local pet shop.


Preventive Measures:


Regular water change.Remove the ill fish for three to four weeks. Avoid cross-tank contamination.


5. Fin & Tail Rot Disease


The fish start loosing it glow and fin. Not able to move or dive. Looks dull. This can be easily curable and treated.


Causes:


Pseudomonas and other related bacteria is reason for this.Poor water quality.


Symptoms:


The fin and tail appeared eaten away and white edged. Fin or tail beginning to literally dissolve.The color of the fish may dull.Fins are clump together.


Treatment:


Treat the whole tank, but quarantine and treat the heavily infected fish. Tetracycline should be added.


Preventive Measures:


Regular water change.Quarantine new fish until it recovered. Avoid cross-tank contamination.


6. Air Bladder Disease


Flowerhorn air blade is not opening which cause to not swim properly. This is serious disease attain it as soon as possible. Flowerhorn never die because of this but it died because of wrong position of swimming, this make fish stress and it died.


Causes:


Virus or a bacterial infection are main reason for this. Fungus in fin.Bad water.


Symptoms:


Flowerhorn is troubling in swimming. They tend to swim upside down.


Treatment:


Difficult to treat fish, but using an ANTIBIOTIC AGENT –  API T.C. Tetracycline Anti-Bacterial Fish Medication can cure the problem.


Preventive Measures:


Change your water regularly. Quarantine ill fish for three to four weeks. Avoid cross-tank contamination.


7. Velvet Disease


Fungus in tank cause for this. Fish look unusual and not eating. It can be easily treated and cure.


Causes :


Fungus is cause for this. Poor water quality.


Symptoms:


Stop swimmingbegin to look ill and not moving.


Treatment:


Make the solution of COPPER SULFATE. Add 1 g (exact) COPPER SULFATE and 0.25g (exact) CITRIC ACID to 1 liter of purified water. Dosage instructions: For 10 days of aquarium water add 12.5 ml to 10 liters.

 

Preventive Measures:


Change your water regularly. Keep ill flowerhorn to treatment tank. Avoid cross-tank contamination.


 8. White Poop


Sometime flowerhorn suffers from white poop disease. Fish keep pooping a white which withdraw in white line and seems sticky like long tail.


Cause:


Internal parasites in stomach cause for this.Live feeding. Poor water condition.High Protein food cause to worms in stomach of fish.


Symptoms:


Fish start pooping white. Which is sticky and look like gel line from anal.


Treatment:


Use the CLEAR by Aqua Product or OCEANFREE WHITE POOP for treatment. Keep fish without feeding and alone for three days with heater on for 30′ C temperature. Remove 30% of water in third day and repeat the medication.


Preventive Measures:


Change your water regularly. Keep ill flowerhorn to treatment tank. Avoid cross-tank contamination.


General Treatment Guide


Remove all decorative articles from tank. Remove Filters. Remove Biological Filter. Use Treatment Tank. Keep pumping air for 24hrs. Make heater to 30′ C degree (Use if applicable). Cover the tank to avoid direct sunlight and peoples intervention.

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